What Does Research Proposal Contain?

What Does Research Proposal Contain?

A research proposal is an essential part of any research project. The document gives the instructor a vivid idea of the objectives, research design, methods and research resources. As such, the proposal needs to be written in an organized format.

Components of a Research Proposal

A research proposal can either be a thesis or a research project, depending on the instructions from the relevant department. This section contains all the elements that are expected for your project. Below is a breakdown of the essential sections in a research proposal.


This is usually a page-long text that explains the aims, objectives, research methods and a conclusion. The abstract should be straight to the point and direct readers to the next section. State the word count and title of your research proposal and all the relevant resources.


The introduction gives a background on the study, speculates on the ideas to focus on and presents the research questions. It should also give a brief overview of the proposed work and provide a justification for your study goals.

All the background information that supports your study should be in the introduction section. The topic of study should also be specified and should be made clear. Avoid stating that your study is about your family background or has a link to a particular area.

Literature Review

Discusses the strengths of other research on the same subject and how the current one differs. Find out if other researchers have conducted similar studies and if yours has enough of them. Give a brief description of the strengths that support your chosen topic and explain what you would add to existing studies.

Share your challenges and challenges that you may be facing in the study and why you need to use different methods. Also, discuss the research methods that are most suitable for conducting the study and which ones should be used to examine the outcomes.

Research Design

Describes how you will collect your data and how you will interpret it. Provide practical strategies that work to convince the committee to agree to your study proposals. For instance, you may include a randomized controlled trial in your research design if it works well in other studies.


Explain the specific procedures that will be used in the study. Depending on the type of study, you may use a qualitative or quantitative method. Every research method must be clear in terms of what the reader needs to know and how it works. Include the procedures used in an electronic survey, an interview or the use of questionnaires.

Research Resources

List the sources you will use and which materials to include. The methods and resources used to conduct the research must also be specified. Additionally, the lab techniques and equipment used must also be made clear.

Lastly, give a short final paragraph on the study that addresses any other relevant information. This part allows you to outline any changes that you want to make to the research.

Revisiting Paraphrasing: Can We Finally Rely On Effective Techniques?

Debatable Paraphrasing Technique? Let’s find out

As seen above, paraphrasing involves using words from another author without changing their meaning. This makes the work of rewriting the text with clarity possible. This presents an excellent opportunity for student writers to score points in their academic performances. Nevertheless, it might be challenging to convert a different text without losing the author’s essence.

What are the appropriate tools to use to edit your paper if you don’t have the needed aptitudes? Here are a couple of strategies you should try while rewording.

Simplify Simplicity

Since rewording involves removing words, you should try to change the structure to simplify. It becomes easy to rewrite the text if you align the paragraphs so that they appear as one. This aligns the paragraphs so that they represent the author’s intent.

Remove Any Filler Words

At this point, it might seem impossible to remove any unnecessary words, especially when the text is short. If you find a word that is unnecessary, try removing it at the time the sentence is stating. This helps to maintain consistency in your paper. Similarly, you should try to eliminate all adjectives, adverbs, and modifiers from your rewording.

Remove Sub-par Sentences

Here is a factor you must always keep in mind while rewording. It helps to reread your document to ensure the paragraphs flow logically and naturally. After reading, you should consider adding the sentences so that each sentence adds more meaning to the subject. Remember to remove any word that appears less than five times in the paragraph.

Replace All Defunct Phrases

After editing your text, you should re-read it as many times as possible to ensure that you remove the redundant phrases. You should then re-read the whole of the document to check for any missing sentences, all exclamation marks, and any missing words in your rewording. After that, you should be able to get a sense of whether your paper is perfect.

How you can find an interesting ideas for your thesis

How you can find an interesting idea for your thesis

This stage involves searching for the necessary literature in libraries and archives and processing it. Fragments of documents and scientific literature that the student plans to use later in the course text are saved as notes. Notes are made on separate cards, trying to adhere to the principle of “one plot – one sheet”. Researchers are very helped by the habit of marking the source from which the material comes at the top of the card, and in the margins – the “keyword”, which helps to remember what event, plot or person this fragment is dedicated to. Even more effort and time should be spent on storing bibliographic information. The bibliographic card (usually smaller and made of thick paper or cardboard) contains information about the author, the full title of the publication, typographic information, as well as the localization of the book – the library or private collection in which it is stored. The latter information will be very important if you need to re-refer to certain sources, for example, to clarify the quote.
Analysis of the collected material involves sorting it and critically evaluating it. It is important to follow a certain technique of such research, which allows you to save time and effort. First of all, it is necessary to establish the scientific value of each individual item of the collected literature (not only “universal”, but rather value in relation to a specific topic and tasks of the work). This value also determines the order of analysis of this literature. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that new works, as a rule, are more complete and accurate.
Separately, it should be noted cases when a student’s research is devoted to the views or teachings of an author based on the study of relevant documents. If this is the case, then when analyzing the material, you should divide it into the following three groups:
Sources, i.e. works of the main character of the work, his contemporaries, biographical documents, etc.; official documents.
Research, that is, works written on this topic based on sources.
Auxiliary literature (dictionaries, reference books, encyclopedias).
How do I use sources? Referring to the works of other authors is a universal practice. In this way, it can be demonstrated that we share the opinion of well-known and reputable researchers. You can use the work of a well – known author as an example-this approach is especially productive when comparing two or more positions. Referring to the opinions, facts, and plots presented in the works of our predecessors allows us to place the course work in the context of a certain scientific discussion, connect it with broader topics and plots. Finally, in this way, we can criticize those authors whose views we do not agree with. You can use the works of other authors by quoting, paraphrasing, or generalizing them.

When making verbatim statements that may later become quotations in the text, you need to be especially careful. You need to rewrite it verbatim, including errors and punctuation marks. It is necessary to resort to verbatim citation when the source’s speech is peculiar, lively, provocative, or when the verbatim transmission of the text is historically important. Citation should be kept to a minimum and used only when it is necessary. To quote, we must follow a few formal rules:
-The quote must be verbatim.
-The quote should not be too long.
-The quote must be enclosed in quotation marks and accompanied by a reference to the source in the note.
-Extracting certain fragments, which avoids long citations, is indicated by a three-dot…
-Explanations that break the text of the quote are given in square brackets – [].
-Quotes that are an incomplete sentence are grammatically consistent with the author’s text.
When indirectly quoting (retelling, presenting the opinions of other authors in their own words), which gives significant savings to the text, you should be accurate in presenting the author’s thoughts, correct in evaluating the results of his research and give appropriate references to the source.
Paraphrasing, retelling, as a rule, is the material for most of the text of the course work. It means that already at the stage of notes, the student begins to write the text of his work. In this case, it tries to convey the author’s idea as close to the original as possible, but using its own vocabulary. Needless to say, by resorting to this method, we must also recognize the authorship of the idea with the help of a note.

How to Get Research Proposal Guidelines From an Expert

How to Find Excellent Research Proposal Guidelines

Proposal writing is an essential writing part for all undergraduate and postgraduate students, at least in the sciences, not only in the humanities. While we can’t assume that students or professors do everything, there are a few tasks that all writers have to partake in. Most proposals tend to be given for three or four years before getting tested in class and, hence, grant. Therefore, while most students may not plan to do anything other than plan for the years to come, students do have to be organized and reliable. Fortunately, with the right guidance, you can learn how to come up with a good research proposal at a cost that doesn’t strain your pocket or limit your ability to write quality content.

Choosing a Good Research Proposal Guideline

There are two things that you need to consider when seeking an excellent research proposal guideline to use; time and the references list. Every guideline has been tested extensively and optimized for different purposes, such as time and referencing ease. If you’ve been looking for an excellent guideline, stick to a new one as this may pass. Even so, check the details; some guidelines may have a few perks that are worth considering. For instance, some may have a few categories that you may not think of even if they offer some advantages. Some will feature overviews, which you may consider for the points, however, you may only consider these for the points they offer, or weaknesses. Nonetheless, others will have recommended or action points that may be much needed and worth considering.

Do You Need Help?

If you are doing an undergraduate or postgraduate course, you are probably already doing research. This means you have probably done some research work that came out as articles or other bibliographies. As such, your research data and ideas are ready for publication. Your proposal is a formal step towards starting this process.

The problem is that even though your work is complete, you do not want the publication committee to be taken lightly. This is because, while you have left the school, you have a fresh set of eyes looking over your work. As such, you need to impress them. What better way to do this than giving them an exemplary research proposal? This can only be done by working with a lecturer you get along with and one who appreciates your goals and needs. You can always get the kind of guidelines you need at very reasonable costs.

In the end, you need a research proposal guideline that gives the outcome, objectives, and targets. Ideally, this should cover the three-quarters of the proposal.

In conclusion, you don’t have to compromise the writing part of your research by including special terms in your writing. Rather, use the guidelines that you need for your particular proposal to know what to write about and where to add content. Do your best to be original and showcase your competence and sense of direction in your academic journey.

How to write an Argumentative Research Paper Outline

Tips to Become a Better Academic Writing Student

It is essential to know the basics of writing academic papers, even if you want to excel in that academic discipline. When you master the writing guide, you will develop content that will boost your performance. A perfect draft will allow you to conduct thorough research and know all the essential points to include in the text. 

Expert writers will develop a thesis statement that clearly states the ideas of your paper. It also has a particular thought that supports it. The author should expound on the research in detail and show the relevance to the field. Formatting your paper will also depend on your tutor’s requirements. However, you should know the general outline you can follow to provide unique content. 

Your paper outline should allow you to write the introduction first before writing the body. The first paragraph is significant because it should help the reader grasp the topic more quickly. Next, the paragraphs should contain supporting arguments backed up with references. 

The arguments should support the key points. If they lack compelling evidence, the writer should pause the writing process until they can justify their opinions. Write a strong introduction to wow the reader and inform them about the issue. The introduction provides information about the thesis statement and connects it with your arguments. It should also provide information that informs the reader. 

The body needs to provide the biggest challenge to the reader. Here, you must take an opposing point of view but provide evidence that shows why you feel your opinion is right. The approach has the power to divide a reader and motivate them to join your side. 

Tips to Use When Creating an Outline

When writing your report, you should avoid using obvious opinions. Choose an approach that can persuade a reader. Begin by identifying a problem and look into different possibilities. When creating the outline, ensure you answer the question, What do I want to achieve? How can I answer it? When you know that, start constructing your paper. 

Using ambiguous terms will make your text look vague. When drafting your outline, it is crucial to know the guidelines for it. One reason for using ambiguous words is that it allows you to use a topic sentence to hook the reader. Avoid the use of double-words because your report’s word count will have a significant impact on your final score.

Your outline should start with an introduction that gives a clear and concise description of the topic. The introduction should be linked to the rest of the paragraphs by the body paragraphs. You can use two sentences at a time to give the reader enough information to know what to expect in each section. Provide an important fact that introduces the argument. You can add evidence from reviews or various scholarly sources. 

Next, provide a thesis statement that offers a single thought supporting your thoughts. Do not introduce the idea again and again, but develop it into a new point. The main idea should be stated so that anyone who comes across the paper can grasp it easily. Do not forget to explain the significance of your work by reinforcing the thesis. You will know if you have a well-written paper if your sources meet the expected standards.