What is free verse
The free verse appears in the mid-nineteenth century as a way to break with the rules so corseted that had ruled the poetry until then. Although it is considered a poetic style, the truth is that it is often halfway between being a poem in prose and a poetic prose.
Walt Whitman, American poet, was the first prestigious writer who used it and the French symbolists ended up giving him a remarkable reputation. At the beginning of the 20th century it was also widely used by poets in our language.
But with time it was losing its status as a poem and becoming more and more poetic prose. Currently the trend is a return to conventional metrics and rhyme, for the desire to recover the purest essence of poetry.
How to make free verse
There are no concrete rules on how to make free verse. His own name speaks of freedom and that’s what it is, not having to measure, to write as we get from the heart, expressing our feelings or ideas in a beautiful way, with phrases that have a beautiful sound, but are not subject to no norm.
A maxim when you think about how to make free verse is that by not having rhymed the words should be even more chosen, more special, to give it that beauty and musicality that traditional poetry has.
Many people mistakenly think that how to make free verse does not have so many rules is simpler, however it is not so, since they are still careful both the words themselves and the musicality and also the impact they produce when reading always trying to express feelings in the most intense way possible.
Even in free verse there are different schools and the way in which the poets of the Russian school, the French symbolists or the generation of 27 in Spain did it is not the same. Each generation has its characteristics that are given by their education, the influence that the writers of each group had among them and also by the social circumstances that surrounded them.
Tips on how to make free verse
1) Choose carefully the words according to their intensity and their sound. Always read your poems out loud to see the effect they cause when listening to them. Worry about giving it a good rhythm and a suitable cadence.
2) Insert very long verses with others of hardly two or three words, this in addition to having an aesthetic effect affects the way of reading it and gives it intensity and rhythm.
3) Do not write until you have a clear idea of what you want to express and the effect you want to produce with your work. Be patient, you will surely have to erase many times before achieving your goal.
Example of poem with free verses
In this beautiful poem by Cernuda we can see a good example of everything we have talked about how to make free verse. We can see that although it is not subject to traditional norms, you can recite it and it is clearly recognized as a poem.