How to make a classic poem?

What is a classic poem

We speak of a classic poem to differentiate it from the most modern tendencies of free verses that are born from the second half of the 19th century and that break with the classical form of writing poetry.

A classic poem is a writing with rhyme in which, with a careful choice of words, we express an idea, a story or a feeling. When we consider how to make a poem we should always keep in mind the Greek idea that a poem is a form of artistic expression of beauty using the word.

In the poem the author is very concerned about the way he says things, to the point that it can become much more important than the background. Or put another way, it may matter more how something is said than what we are saying properly.

Parts of the poem

It is the one with which we denominate the poem and that usually appears underlined and before the first verse. Not all verses have a title although it is usual that it is so.


Each of the lines that make up the poem, which may or may not be complete sentences, is a verse. When we talk about how to make a classic poem we can divide the verses by their rhyme:

  • Rhymed verse: is the one whose final sound matches the final sound of another verse.
  • Free verse: a verse that does not rhyme with other verses, but that is in the middle of those who do. Normally a clear structure is followed.

By its extension:

  • Verses of major art: those with nine or more syllables. They are normally used for cultured poetry.
  • Minor art verses: those with less than nine syllables. They are the most used in popular poetry.

The way to measure the syllables in a verse is slightly different from the one we use when counting the syllables of the words and follows some rules that should be well known so as not to make a badly measured poem.


A stanza can be defined as a set of verses that follow a structure of their own. The stanzas are clearly separated from each other. The structure of the stanzas is one of the bases of how to make a classic poem. They are classified basically by the number of verses they contain, although they can also influence whether they are of major or minor art or that they are of consonant or assonant rhyme. We will summarize in two tables the main types of stanzas that are used in Castilian language, although there are more of those collected here
The stanzas can be combined giving place for example to the sonnet, is that it is the combination of two quartets and two sonnets.


Although it is not a proper part, it is part of the poem and is fundamental when it comes to understanding how to make a classic poem.

There are two main types of rhyme:

Consonant rhyme: It is the one that occurs when the phonemes of two or more verses are coincident from the accented vowel. For example bridge rhymes with teeth.

Assonance Rhyme: When from the accented vowel there is coincidence of only the vowels. For example boy rhymes with noise.

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