How you can find an interesting idea for your thesis
This stage involves searching for the necessary literature in libraries and archives and processing it. Fragments of documents and scientific literature that the student plans to use later in the course text are saved as notes. Notes are made on separate cards, trying to adhere to the principle of “one plot – one sheet”. Researchers are very helped by the habit of marking the source from which the material comes at the top of the card, and in the margins – the “keyword”, which helps to remember what event, plot or person this fragment is dedicated to. Even more effort and time should be spent on storing bibliographic information. The bibliographic card (usually smaller and made of thick paper or cardboard) contains information about the author, the full title of the publication, typographic information, as well as the localization of the book – the library or private collection in which it is stored. The latter information will be very important if you need to re-refer to certain sources, for example, to clarify the quote.
Analysis of the collected material involves sorting it and critically evaluating it. It is important to follow a certain technique of such research, which allows you to save time and effort. First of all, it is necessary to establish the scientific value of each individual item of the collected literature (not only “universal”, but rather value in relation to a specific topic and tasks of the work). This value also determines the order of analysis of this literature. At the same time, it should be borne in mind that new works, as a rule, are more complete and accurate.
Separately, it should be noted cases when a student’s research is devoted to the views or teachings of an author based on the study of relevant documents. If this is the case, then when analyzing the material, you should divide it into the following three groups:
Sources, i.e. works of the main character of the work, his contemporaries, biographical documents, etc.; official documents.
Research, that is, works written on this topic based on sources.
Auxiliary literature (dictionaries, reference books, encyclopedias).
How do I use sources? Referring to the works of other authors is a universal practice. In this way, it can be demonstrated that we share the opinion of well-known and reputable researchers. You can use the work of a well – known author as an example-this approach is especially productive when comparing two or more positions. Referring to the opinions, facts, and plots presented in the works of our predecessors allows us to place the course work in the context of a certain scientific discussion, connect it with broader topics and plots. Finally, in this way, we can criticize those authors whose views we do not agree with. You can use the works of other authors by quoting, paraphrasing, or generalizing them.
When making verbatim statements that may later become quotations in the text, you need to be especially careful. You need to rewrite it verbatim, including errors and punctuation marks. It is necessary to resort to verbatim citation when the source’s speech is peculiar, lively, provocative, or when the verbatim transmission of the text is historically important. Citation should be kept to a minimum and used only when it is necessary. To quote, we must follow a few formal rules:
-The quote must be verbatim.
-The quote should not be too long.
-The quote must be enclosed in quotation marks and accompanied by a reference to the source in the note.
-Extracting certain fragments, which avoids long citations, is indicated by a three-dot…
-Explanations that break the text of the quote are given in square brackets – .
-Quotes that are an incomplete sentence are grammatically consistent with the author’s text.
When indirectly quoting (retelling, presenting the opinions of other authors in their own words), which gives significant savings to the text, you should be accurate in presenting the author’s thoughts, correct in evaluating the results of his research and give appropriate references to the source.
Paraphrasing, retelling, as a rule, is the material for most of the text of the course work. It means that already at the stage of notes, the student begins to write the text of his work. In this case, it tries to convey the author’s idea as close to the original as possible, but using its own vocabulary. Needless to say, by resorting to this method, we must also recognize the authorship of the idea with the help of a note.